Sprinters need to have a lot of core strength to get the most out of their runs. For a sprinter developing a well rounded core will be beneficial to some extent to improve performance and also helping mitigating injury. Not to much emphasis needs to be put on core strength for spinters, but some training volume will be helpful in developing a well rounded body, time in the off season might be when a sprinter wants to focus on developing core strength.
Sprinters, who only run short distances in a race, require a strong core for optimal performance. Benefits of core exercises for sprinters include improved running form and efficiency. Your core includes your lower back, upper back, pelvis, hips and abdominal muscles. These muscles are essential for maintaining good posture during sprinting. Exercises such as bird dogs and planks work your core muscles used in sprinting.
Your core is directly involved in proper running mechanics when you sprint. If your pelvis is positioned incorrectly or your abdominals are weak, you may have difficulty achieving the correct spinal extension needed to keep your torso upright while running. Good form requires that you can extend your spine upwards while keeping your pelvis relatively even. Weakness in this region may cause you to compensate by leaning forward with your upper body to help maintain stability while running. Strengthening the core muscles used in sprinting will allow you to maintain proper form even at higher speeds.
The more efficient you are as a runner, the faster you will be able to run without getting tired quickly. Weakness in the core region of your body will make it difficult for you to properly engage the other muscles used for sprinting, which could result in poor biomechanics.
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This resource was written by Sean Klein. Sean Richard Klein has thousands of hours of coaching experience and a BSc in Sports Science with Management from Loughborough University. He owns a gym in Bayonne France, CrossFit Essor, which runs group classes and a Personal training studio.