The 10 Functional Core Exercises You Should Use In Your Workout

Functional core exercises are a very effective way to progress the core muscles, including the abs. These exercises can be added to your next strength workout or specific abdominal workout.

6 min read
Sean's profile
Written by
Sean Klein
Published on
16/03/22
Last updated
10/10/22
In This Resource
  • What Are Functional Core Workouts?
  • Benefits of Functional Core Exercises
  • 1. Transfer To Sport and Life
  • 2. Help With Strength Training
  • How Do You Build Functional Core Strength?
  • 1. Use a Variety of Movement Patterns
  • 2. Use Progressive Overload
  • 3. Consider Adaptive Resistance
  • 4. Does Functional Core Training Work?
  • Sample Functional Core Workout
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • Is Functional Core Training Better?
  • Does Functional Bodybuilding Include Core Exercise?
  • Will Functional Core Exercise Improve My Fitness?
  • References

If you’re tired of doing sit ups and planks and want to add some more functional core exercises, your in the right place. Using functional core exercises is one of the best ways to ensure you have a strong and robust core thats ready for anything. We have 10 exercises that will transfer extremely well into your day to day life or sport. According to Adaptiv, “The purpose of functional fitness training is to improve your ability to perform your everyday activities.”(1) The same goes for functional core training, using these exercises on a regular basis will allow you to feel better throughout the day.

What Are Functional Core Workouts?

The illusory “functional” definition can be hard to pin down. It holds a lot of positive and negative connotations in the strength and conditioning world and rightly so. Functional would mean that the exercises transfer to other areas of life i.e day to day life (picking up kids) and sports. Since the popularity of this term we have seen a lot of people jumping around doing exercises which quite frankly don’t make any sense.

Exercises should have a very clear goal, whether that goal is functional or not is up to interpretation. If muscle mass is a sign of good health markers, then isolation movements like biceps curls should be considered functional in some sense. The idea that having more muscle mass doesn’t transfer into other areas of sport or day to day life is just wrong.

This being said, a programme that’s missing out on other key components of strength and conditioning movement patterns and just incorporating bodybuilding isolation exercises (assuming the programmes intent isn’t for a bodybuilder) maybe needs the addition of some more traditional “functional” movements.

These traditional functional movements might include animal walks, forms of dynamic rotation, heavy carries and sport specific strength exercises. All of these are excellent exercises and do have a very high transfer to life and sport. These are the style of functional core exercises we have listed below if you feel like your core work isn’t transferring well enough to life or sport.

Benefits of Functional Core Exercises

1. Transfer To Sport and Life

The key benefit of functional core training is its transfer to sport and day to day life. Functional core training will involve training all the movement patterns within core training, allowing your core to be ready for whatever sport or life throws at you.

In sport and life we see a lot or dynamic and organic movements that these functional core movements will be perfect to improve your balance and your stability to enable you to deal with these types of movements.

2. Help With Strength Training

Not only will functional core exercises help you in sport and day to day life, they will also help you perform better in the weight room, especially if you are doing more functional weight training with KB’s and barbells. These pieces of equipment require a lot of core bracing to be performed correctly, these functional core exercises will help you gain the strength required to perform these movements to a high level of quality.

How Do You Build Functional Core Strength?

1. Use a Variety of Movement Patterns

In order to have a truly functional core, you need to make sure you use your entire core in your training. This will involve training the four key movement patterns of the core;

2. Use Progressive Overload

“The principle of progressive overload must be adhered to for individuals to continually increase muscle size with resistance training.” (2)

Progressive overload involves adding difficulty over time through adding volume or intensity. An example might be adding 5 seconds to hollow hold or adding weight to a landmine full contact twists. This is a great way to ensure you’re seeing progress in all forms of your resistance training.

3. Consider Adaptive Resistance

Adaptive resistance is when you have “used up” an exercise and you’re not getting enough adaptation from it anymore. This may involve using an exercise for 6 weeks and progressing it each time, you may get used to doing it or can’t progress it any further, so you switch it out for a different movement.

4. Does Functional Core Training Work?

Yes. You just need to be patient and use all the correct principles of strength and conditioning and you’ll be able to see great progress using functional core training.

Sample Functional Core Workout

Complete 4 rounds

1. Landmine Full Contact Twist

Complete 6 repetitions

2. Inchworm to Hollow

Complete 5 repetitions

3. Single Arm KB Farmers Carry

Move for 20 meters

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Functional Core Training Better?

No. Better is hard to define, better than what, better than non-functional core exercises? If an exercise improves your core strength, then it has a function. Using a wide variety of exercises will be to your advantage rather than just focusing on exercises you consider functional. All effective core exercise will create a positive stimulus on the muscles and body.

Does Functional Bodybuilding Include Core Exercise?

Yes, typically functional body building, popularised by Marcus Filly and Opex Training includes core training. Every different coach will have their own interpretation of what functional body building is so programmes will differ, but the majority of these training programmes will include core exercises.

Will Functional Core Exercise Improve My Fitness?

Again this depends on your definition of fitness, if you mean your 10k running time then no, but if you mean your bodies general ability to deal with day to day life then yes. Fitness in terms of Crossfit will also likely be improved.

References

  • Aaptiv. 2022.  Everything You Need to Know About Functional Training - Aaptiv . [online] Available at: [Accessed 30 August 2022].
  • Dankel SJ, Mattocks KT, Jessee MB, Buckner SL, Mouser JG, Counts BR, Laurentino GC, Loenneke JP. Frequency: The Overlooked Resistance Training Variable for Inducing Muscle Hypertrophy? Sports Med. 2017 May;47(5):799-805. doi: 10.1007/s40279-016-0640-8. PMID: 27752983.
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